Berfrois

German Africans or Germans Abroad?

German Africans or Germans Abroad?

Those in the African colonies, had created a new national identity for themselves as German Africans (Deutsch Afrikaners), rejecting the label of Germans abroad (Auslandsdeutsche) that the metropole used...

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Understudied Dimensions of Japan’s Imperial Project

Understudied Dimensions of Japan’s Imperial Project

Although it continued to live on in the memories of its former victims or enemies, in Japan itself memories of empire were excised from the public imagination through selective commemoration and emphasis on the victimhood of ordinary people...

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Ethical Capitalism in the 19th Century

Ethical Capitalism in the 19th Century

By narrowly defining slavery as limited to the U.S. South and the West Indies, ethical capitalists were able to argue that ‘nothing was a bad as white-owned plantation slavery, and therefore everything else could be described as ethical capitalism’...

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Wee Beleeve

Wee Beleeve

Atlantic news in the 1650s and its coverage of war and empire often underscored the impact of temporal and geographical distance...

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Energetic Architecture

Energetic Architecture

Consider the Georgian terrace, now a widely admired model of traditional city-building. Its most important material was not those of which it was ostensibly made, but coal...

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Thucydides and International Law

Thucydides and International Law

The ancient Greek world did not have an understanding of what is now understood by international law, but there were unwritten norms regarding warfare...

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How cultlike are cults?

How cultlike are cults?

How collaborative are ruler personality cults?

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Uruguayan Beef; New Zealand Mutton

Uruguayan Beef; New Zealand Mutton

The boiling down and pressing of cattle meat to produce tinned beef, such as the flagship Fray Bentos corned beef, was a much-improved version of Liebig’s method...

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Rhetoric, Law and the Formation of Asian American as a Racial Identity

Rhetoric, Law and the Formation of Asian American as a Racial Identity

Coulson establishes the broader historical context for the formation of “Asian” as a race in America by pointing to immigration patterns that created economic competition in places like California...

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French Female Resistance Fighters in Britain

French Female Resistance Fighters in Britain

During the months of the liberation of France, British politicians and diplomats established that it was their duty to help restore the image of France in Britain because France was their main partner for engaging in discussion about the creation of a western bloc...

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Her Majesty’s Inspector of Explosives and the Dynamite Rascals

Her Majesty’s Inspector of Explosives and the Dynamite Rascals

It was an “infernal machine” comprised of a clock, a pistol trigger mechanism, moving cogs and bars of a soft, chemical-smelling material...

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Pirates could be civil…

Pirates could be civil…

What is the value of silver and gold in the middle of the ocean?

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Flipping-the-Script of Gender Politics

Flipping-the-Script of Gender Politics

The queer coding in magazines like Bachelor wasn’t just meant to wink at queer readers...

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Write Like an Egyptian

Write Like an Egyptian

Scratched on the wall of a mine is the very first attempt at something we use every day: the alphabet...

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Wutuobang as Utopia

Wutuobang as Utopia

A peculiar idiosyncrasy marked the appearance of the word ‘utopia’ in Chinese...

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The Chewa in Malawian Prehistory

The Chewa in Malawian Prehistory

Among Juwayeyi’s most important contributions is the argument that the Maravi state predated the expansion of Indian Ocean trade into the region...

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Madras Meridian

Madras Meridian

The era’s greatest promoter of astronomy was Jai Singh II, the 18th-century raja of Jaipur...

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Over One Billion Edits

Over One Billion Edits

I had been watching the growth of open source software and I had this concept of a free encyclopedia...

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Jumbled Sea Ice

Jumbled Sea Ice

In 1913, a group of seven Americans headed north from New York City. Their mission was to find and explore Crocker Land, an unexplored island or perhaps small continent...

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The Horsemen by Ethan Edwards

The Horsemen by Ethan Edwards

The Steppe sky remains...

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Üsküdar was the Plymouth Rock of the Turkish Straits…

Üsküdar was the Plymouth Rock of the Turkish Straits…

Geographically vulnerable as most harbors are, Chrysopolis was better suited to commerce than war. This is why nothing remains of its Roman or Byzantine origins...

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